Description: The following passage is primarily intended to introduce us with one of the most popular topics which is related to the point of active volcanoes. We will be shown ten most dangerous active volcanoes with the information about their related events including casualties, losses of the cities and serious impacts to people’s life.
From lethal lava flows too treacherous toxic gases, here are the most dangerous active volcanoes in the world, number 10, mount Sanjay Ecuador, mount Sanjay is an active volcano in Ecuador that borders the western edge of the Amazon rainforest, it is the country’s most active volcano and exhibits a relatively mild, but continuous explosion with sporadic violent episodes its third eruption in recorded history began in 1934 and is still ongoing today due to its instability.
Geologists have estimated that two versions of the sangga volcano has been destroyed from massive flank collapses throughout its 500,000 year history, the evidence could be seen in the rock formations and topographic evidence surrounding.
The area interestingly due to its remoteness and danger the area is left undisturbed and is host to a significant ecosystem with exotic animals like the mountain tapir giant otter Andean cock of the rock and King vulture sangai is also regularly climbed by adventure seekers brave enough to face the dangers of falling particles from the mountains ongoing eruption.
Number 9, mountain laaskar chill a mountain loss car is the most active of all volcanoes in the Andes mountain range lining the western edge of South America, the volcano itself has six summit craters and is known for its constant release of gas and explosive eruption major volcanic activities from lost are have long been recorded and reports of eruptions exist since the early 1500s, when Spanish conquistadors first set foot in the region since the 19th century los car has erupted about thirty times.
The largest of which occurred in 1993, in April, that year three explosions formed eruption columns over six miles into the atmosphere forming a massive mushroom cloud and creating several bouts of pyroclastic flows, the entire episode lasted 23 hours, but the hot pyroclastic flows took months to cool down although located in a remote region.
The ash falls from mountain, laughs cars eruptions could potentially reach far and for that reason, it is constantly monitored through remote sensing.
Number eight, mounts Trimboli Italy after the least island of Stromboli is located north off the coast of sicily and has a small population of 500 people, the island is host to Mount Stromboli, a volcano that has been erupting almost continuously for the past two millennia.
The eruptions are often visible to ship sailing in the sea around the island salton get to earn its nickname, the Lighthouse of the Mediterranean Mount Stromboli’s activity is almost exclusively explosive with occasional lava flowing out during high volcanic activities.
The volcano has influenced and inspired many words of both science and literature, the term Strombolian eruptions used by geologists originates from Mount Stromboli indicating relatively mild volcanic explosion mounts Trimboli also happens to be the author JRR Tolkien’s inspiration for the fictional Mount Doom in Mordor.
Number seven, Kilauea Hawaii, Kilauea is currently the most active out of the five Hawaiian volcanoes, its name means spewing or much spreading in the Hawaiian language indicating how active it is, as it frequently spews out lava, the Hawaiian volcanoes were considered sacred by Native Hawaiian people.
According to their mythology, Kilauea is large crater served as the body of La goddess of fire and volcano the volcano’s activities occasionally coincide with its equally deadly neighbour Mountain Aloha Kilauea’s most recent major eruption started in 1983 and has been erupting continuously since making it the world’s longest living rift zone eruption for the past 200 years. The eruption has so far claimed 189 buildings and 14 kilometres of highways.
Number six, its own delaford Nez Reunion Island up its own delaford ness or peak of the furnace is one of the world’s most active volcanoes located on the French oversea region of Reunion Island, the volcano is over half a million years old and it’s thousands of years of activity has largely influenced the topography of the region since the 17th century over 110 the eruptions have been observed the top part of the Pathan della Forness is occupied by an 8 kilometer wide caldera with unstable rims that are in its initial stages of collapsing.
Some speculate that the cliffs collapse into the Indian Ocean to potentially result in a mega tsunami within the large caldera is the 400 meter high lava shield as well as several other smaller craters or safety reasons little infrastructures exist near the active crater.
The area is uninhabited on the few occasions when the lava escape, it would flow down the mountain into the sea with spectacular results nearby highways are occasionally destroyed by the lava and rebuilt the most recent eruption was in May 2016.
Number 5, Mount Etna Italy, Italy’s Mount Etna is the tallest active volcano in Europe, it is one of the world’s most active volcanoes and is in an almost constant state of activity according to Greek mythology Zeus had trapped the monstrous giant known as typhoon underneath the mountain where the god of fire has cestus.
His forages are kept for tens of thousands of years, the region witnessed numerous explosive eruptions from Mount Etna generating huge pyroclastic flows reaching as far as Rome 800 kilometers to the north, there are many records from Roman times, describing the events and destruction caused by Edna’s destructive activities and eruption in 1928 led to significant destruction of infrastructure.
During the time of fascist Italy, five more major eruptions occurred throughout the 20th century seriously threatening nearby towns and villages, the most recent eruption was in December 2015 which resulted in a seven kilometre ash plume that forced Catania Airport into a temporary shutdown.
Number four, Mountaineer Bumbo Democratic Republic of Congo Mountaineer gongo is an active volcano located inside congos Virunga National Park, the thirty-five hundred meter volcano is known for its enormous two kilometer wide crater which contains large volumes of molten lava, the volume of the lava lake varies a time and had once reached a depth of 600 meters prior to an eruption in 1977 making it the most voluminous lava lake in recent history together with its adjacent neighbor Malta Nomura Guerra.
The two volcanoes alone are responsible for about 40% of all volcanic eruptions in the African continent since 1882 mountaineer Agong NGO is known to have erupted at least 34 times due to its unusually low silica content the lava flowing out from its eruptions are extremely fluid in nature compared to other volcanoes.
This makes the lava more dangerous and combined with the steep-sided slopes of mountaineer Agong go the lava could flow downhill at incredible speeds reaching up to 100 kilometers an hour in 1977, the volcano’s crater walls fractured releasing large amounts of lava racing downhill towards nearby villages killing at least 70 people.
Another recent eruption occurred in 2002 and the people had to be evacuated across the border into neighboring Rwanda, many buildings were damaged due to the lava and earthquakes leaving over 100,000 people homeless additionally about 147 people died from asphyxia due to toxic levels of co2 gas.
The gas seeps out continuously from the ground and is still an ongoing threat today having recently killed many local children.
Number three, Mount Saint Helens Washington Mount Saint Helens is located at Skamania County Washington and as part of the 700 mile Cascade volcanic arc extending along North America’s western region, it is an active stratovolcano built up by layers upon layers of hardened lava and debris inter laid with volcanic ash throughout a 40,000 years of existence, the Native Americans have many lawyers about Mount st. Helens.
According to the bridge of gods legend told by the Klickitat, people of the Pacific Northwest, the mountain was once a beautiful maiden named Lewis, her beauty caused two sons of the chief of all gods to fight over her causing massive devastation upon the earth as punishment.
All three of them were transformed into great mountain, the fair Luud became Mount st. Helens also known as Lowell a clove by the click attach meaning Smoky Mountain and is mostly remembered today for its devastating eruption in 1980 prior to the eruption.
An injection of magma below the volcano caused two months of repeated earthquake with steam venting out of the top, then on May 18th, 1980, an earthquake weakened st. Helens North Face faulting the rock avalanche which was followed by an eruption column that rose 80,000 feet into the air, 57 people were killed including a photographer who was covering the story and the geologists who first reported the eruption hundreds of miles were reduced to a wasteland costing over a billion dollars in total damages thousands of game animals were killed and the ash from the eruption fell upon 11 US states. The eruption is considered the deadliest and most destructive volcanic eruption in American history.
Number two, santa maria guatemala located in guala modest western highlands the Santa Maria volcano is extremely large measuring over 12,000 feet above sea level, the volcano rises above the plains of quetzaltenango City and is part of the sierra madre, a major mountain range in central america before the Spanish conquest of the region in the 16th century.
The indigenous teacher, people called the volcano kakano meaning naked mountain activities of the volcano has begun since 30,000 years ago and it’s frequent small eruptions led to the continuous building of its large cone in recent millennia.
Santa Maria would often go into long dormant periods before resuming activity its first eruption in recorded history was in 1902 before that it had been dormant for at least five centuries, it was a massive eruption reaching a colossal scale of 6 on the volcanic explosivity index and was one of the largest three eruptions of the 20th century.
The ejected magma reached an estimated 5.5 cubic kilometers during the disaster, the corrupt central Guatemalan government was busily celebrating a large propaganda festival and tried to avoid taking responsibility in aiding the victims.
Five thousand people died with heavy damages to buildings and agricultural harvests, the disaster was then followed by a malaria outbreak and famine due to food shortages leading to even more deaths.
Number one, Mount Merapi Indonesia Malta Madhavi is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has been erupting regularly since the mid 16th century, the volcanoes name translates to Fire Mountain and heavy smoke can occasionally be seen emerging from its top.
Both large and small eruptions typically occur very often causing numerous fatalities throughout the years, in 1994, an eruption killed 27 people who fell victim to the marathas pyroclastic flow another large eruption occurred in 2006 followed shortly by the unrelated yo Jakarta earthquake.
A combination of disasters that resulted in the loss of over 5,000 lives in late 2010, Mount Merapi went into a series of violent eruptions, the most violent since the 1870, fortunately, the activity had been monitored and the government managed to warn the villagers beforehand.
Over 300,000 people were evacuated, however, there were those who refused to leave and some returned home while the eruptions were still ongoing 353 people were killed Charles MacArthur Don K Taylor was the President of Liberia from 1997 to 2003.
After earning a degree in the US who returned to Liberia and worked for, then president Samuel odo in 1983 Taylor was to go from his position as director general of the General Services Agency under charges of embezzling $1,000,000.