Description: This passage is mainly about medical login. In this passage, the writer teaches us how to identify roots, suffixes, prefixes, combining vowels, and combining forms in medical terms and introduces combining forms that make up many medical terms and gives the definition.
Medical terminology lesson one is basic word structure, medical terms can be divided into two to four parts, even if a word is unfamiliar to you, you can figure out the meaning by knowing what each part means.
Now it is the important elements of medical terms, root is the foundation of the term, suffix is the word ending, prefix is the word beginning, combining vowel usually links the route to the suffix or the route to another route.
How to read medical terms? You should read medical terms starting from the suffix and returning to the beginning of the word. EPI is the prefix meaning above, GASTR is the root meaning stomach, IC is suffix meaning pertaining to, epigastric means pertaining to above the stomach, so you start with the suffix and you go to the beginning.
Next are the rules for combining vowels, drop the combining vowel before a suffix that begins with a vowel, root means gastro, suffix means ITIS, correct means gastritis, incorrect means gastroitis, which has the O in the root.
Keep the combining vowel between two roots, even if the second route begins with a vowel, root means gastro, root number two is entero, suffix means logy, I don’t know how you exactly pronounce it, correct means gastroenterology and notice that they keep the combining vowel, in these cases incorrect would need to remove O from gastro.
So the difference between that is that combining vowel before a suffix begins with a vowel, you drop the the combining vowel, but if it’s before another root then you keep it combining forms, a combining form is the combination of a root with a combining vowel.
For example, ARTHOR is the root and the O is a combining vowel, O is the most frequently used combining vowel. Next are the combining forms, adeno means gland, arthor means joint, bio means life, carcino means cancerous or cancer, cardio means heart, so cephalo means head, cerebro means cerebrum, I don’t always know how to pronounce the combining forms.
Ciso means to cut, Crino means to secrete, to form or to give off, cysto means urinary bladder, sac containing fluid or cyst, cyto means cell, there are more combining forms, dermo and dermato both means skin, electro means electricity, and cephalo means head, encephalo means brain, entero means intestines, it usually refers to the small intestine.
Erythro means red, gastro means stomach, glyco means sugar, gnoso means knowledge, gyneco means woman or female, Hamato means blood, hemo also means blood, hepato means liver, iatro means treatment or physician, leuko means white, logo means study of, nephro means kidney, neuro means nerve, onco means tumor, I always have the problem with that, I think that one’s always been hard for me.
Osteo means bone, patho means disease, pedo means child, psycho means mind, radio means x-rays, reno means kidney, remember that there’s two forms for kidney, there’s nephro and then there’s a reno, I think one of them is Greek and the other is Latin, they use them for two different ways so that’s not as confusing as you would think that. They’ll get into that more later.
Rhino means nose, sarco means flesh, secto means to cut, thrombo means clot or clotting and uro means urinary tract or urine, now it’s the quiz time, the answers to the questions will follow each slide, in the combining word above, which one is correct for labelthe? A is combining vowel, B is prefix, C is suffix, D is root, E is combining form.
Next are combining vowels, combine the roots with the suffixes correctly, so with each one how would you combine the root arthro with the suffix itis and that’s how we’re doing, number three’s a lot more completed because we’re going to have two roots with a suffix, what vowel is frequently used as a combining vowel?
Then it is terminology, writer the combining form that goes with the definition, writer the combining form that goes with the definition doing the same thing, notice that some of these have two terms that should go with them.
Define the following combining forms, remember that you can always pause the video, I’m going to have to make the little space shorter because I’m starting to run out of here and that’s the end of the quiz.